A flawless explanation of the various interpretations of Quantum Mechanics, through a 3D video animation. The work of Eugene Khutoryansky has helped hundreds of thousands of people to understand many difficult scientific concepts through his videos. The following is one of them.
Specifically, the following interpretations are getting explained, in that order:
- Copenhagen Interpretation
- Objective Collapse
- EPR Paradox
- Transactional Interpretation
- QBism (Quantum Bayesianism)
- Many Worlds
- Pilot Wave (Bohmian Mechanics)
- Consciousness Role
- Relational Interpretation
- Quantum Logic
Copenhagen Interpretation, a cornerstone of quantum mechanics, posits that the act of measurement collapses a quantum system’s wave function into a definite state (meaning particles do not have definite properties until they are measured). The Objective Collapse theory, on the other hand, suggests that wave function collapse occurs spontaneously and independently of measurement. Furthermore, the EPR Paradox—an intellectual puzzle proposed by Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen—challenges the notion of quantum entanglement, raising questions about the instantaneous and seemingly “spooky” connections between particles.
Retro-Causality involves a mind-bending concept where an effect can precede its cause, implying that the future can influence the past. The Transactional Interpretation, in contrast, portrays quantum processes as a series of “handshakes” between particles—both past and future—resulting in actual events. Super-Determinism, however, posits a universe devoid of true randomness, with every event predetermined since the beginning of time.
QBism (Quantum Bayesianism) integrates subjective Bayesian probability with quantum mechanics, attributing the uncertainty inherent in quantum systems to our limited knowledge rather than the systems themselves. Many Worlds theory, meanwhile, envisions an infinite multiverse where every possible quantum outcome is realized in an ever-branching tree of alternate universes. The Pilot Wave model (also known as Bohmian Mechanics) reintroduces determinism in quantum mechanics, proposing the existence of “guiding waves” that direct particles.
The Consciousness Role hypothesis posits that the human mind plays a crucial role in collapsing quantum wave functions, thereby connecting consciousness with the fabric of reality. Relational Interpretation, in contrast, argues that quantum properties only have meaning in the context of the relationships between systems and observers. Finally, Quantum Logic explores the possibility that classical logic may be inadequate to describe quantum phenomena, potentially requiring an entirely new framework for understanding the quantum world.
For even more information about the various philosophical interpretations, you can check the following pages: